Tire and wheel maintenance is a crucial part of operating a big rig truck. It aids in longevity and helps reduce failures from occurring when a truck is being utilized on the road. Here’s a list of five things you must know about tire and wheel maintenance.
Monitor Tire Pressure
While monitoring tire pressure is one of the most basic tasks that can be done when caring for the tires on a large truck, it is one of the most important. When tires are left underinflated, they leave a bigger footprint, which also makes them softer and hotter. This creates the opportunity for picking up punctures in the tread.
A slow leaking puncture is often the cause for a tire to fail. The most susceptible time for tire pressure to drop off is when the outside air temperature is cold. By keeping an eye on tire pressure during inclement weather, it helps keeping tires inflated at an adequate level.
Use a Checklist before Hitting the Road
The second way that a driver can make sure that the tires on a large truck are appropriate for driving is by creating a checklist and using it before going out on the road. This checklist should include a physical examination of the tires. First, the sidewalls should be checked for any punctures, snags or cuts, which can lead to slow air leaks.
After performing this check, a driver should look for irregular wear. If any wear is noted, it’s usually due to improper tire pressure, which can be remedied by making sure that there is proper inflation in each tire. This checklist should also be used before utilizing trailers in Jacksonville FL.
Maintaining Studs and Wheels
After a tire has been installed, it will require re-torquing in the future. After the initial torque level has been set, it’s best to check it again at about the hundred-mile mark. This stage of driving settles in the nuts and stud threads. After this has been done, it should be checked again at every 10,000-mile mark. Studs should also be maintained and cleaned. If any corrosion or rust is found, it should be removed.
When steel wheels are used, it’s important to keep a coat of paint on them. This helps keep out rust, which can decrease the clamping power of a nut if rust is allowed to get under it.
Proper Tire Rotation
A tire will wear at different rates, which is dependent on its position. The rear tires of a large truck will usually wear in the center, while the front tires that are used to steer will usually show wear on the shoulders. More wear will usually show up on rear tires more quickly due to their positioning and possibility of getting scrubbed. This creates the need for proper tire rotation. The downside is that it creates an added cost every time this is needed.
To make the biggest difference, it’s crucial that tires get rotated during their first initial miles, which is when they set up their wear pattern. The first couple of tire rotations will make the biggest impact. After that, the longevity of each tire is enhanced with each rotation that’s completed.
Keeping Tires Clean
When out on the road, there’s a big tendency for large tires to pick up debris and chemicals, which can lead to deterioration of the rubber. It’s important to wash the tires on a big rig when the vehicle is being cleaned. If dual tires are present, special care should be taken to make sure that they are not ignored.
You can ensure that tires stay inflated at a proper level so that they can perform their job properly by following these five tips. A routine will also be established, which makes it easier for maintenance to get done.